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工业4.0在能源场景中的应用(一)——传统石油

Backgroundon Industry 4.0 its origin, concept and building blocks

工业4.0的起源,观点与架构

Industry 4.0 (I4.0) evolved from a German government initiative and associated working group.At the heart of industry 4.0 there are 4 principles :Interconnection via the Internet of Things(IoT)/Industrial internet of Things(IIoT), Information availability across the production process facilitating analysis and action, Automation and facilitation of decision making and provision of Cyber Physical Systems(CPS) to complete tasks best suited to machines rather than people(ideally autonomously).

工业4.0最初由德国政府倡导,工业同盟相助推进,涵盖4大年夜关键技巧要素:

·物联网(IoT)

·工业物联网(IIoT);

·临盆环节与临盆举措措施,临盆阐发,与实际运营之间的信息实时互通

·从帮助人完成义务,转变为帮助机械完成义务。具备自动与简略单纯化的决策链与数字化实体临盆运营系统(CPS),以最适应机械的要领,完成临盆义务,比人工更精准。这便是超自动化(Gartner “2020年十大年夜计谋技巧趋势”申报中也有说起)

From these principles a range of constantly evolving and changing technologies are available for organisations wishing to benefit from the Industry 4.0 revolution. They share some common characteristics and are typically grouped together as:-

·Data and analytics technologies (Big Data) – collection and interpretation of data from a range of sources with the desired aim of making consistent, correct, proactive decisions. Includes the concept of cognitive computing.

·Smart factory/production technologies including use where appropriate of robotics devices. The objective of these technologies is to drive seamless, environmentally responsible self-optimising processes and systems that realise best in class production performance.

·Cyber physical systems (CPS)– integrations of computation, networking and physical processes e.g. robotics systems, manufacturing control systems. These cyber-physical systems also build and maintain a ‘Digital twin’ of the physical world.

·The internet of things (IoT-consumer)/Industrial internet of things (IIoT) i.e. the mobile, virtual and persistent connection of all devices to the internet and each other.

·Interoperability – development of standards, processes and systems to allow all participant stakeholders and organisations to share information effectively.

所有盼望从工业4.0受益的企业或组织,都可以遵照并实现上述仍在赓续进化与更新的4大年夜关键技巧。根据4大年夜关键技巧特征,以下是业内人士分享的详细可落地技巧,涵盖:

·大年夜数据阐发– 网络并解释各类滥觞的数据信息,确保目标同等的、准确的、瞻前的决策,包括认知谋略的技巧

·智能工厂(临盆系统)-包括适当应用机械人技巧。目的是实现无缝、环保、可自立优化系统与流程,能够最大年夜限度包管临盆成果

·数字化物理临盆运营系统(CPS)-整合了谋略单元、收集、以及物理临盆流程(比如机械人系统,临盆节制系统等)。这些CPS也是建立并掩护“数字孪生(Digital Twin)”的根基

·IoT(大年夜众破费市场)与工业物联网IIoT,比如移动互联网,各类终端设备、临盆机械之间虚拟然则牢固安然的互联互通(经由过程互联网)

·互操作性– 开拓可以让所有利益相关人、企业、组织都能介入并互操作的标准、协议、流程与系统。(小编按:着实便是为制造企业从私有工业物联网,转型财产物联网平台做筹备,美国工业物联网几家提议公司就筹备形成财产物联网平台)

The current pallet of Industry 4.0 technologies includes but is not limited to mobile devices, advanced human machine interfaces, 3D printing, drones, Smart sensors/PLM technology, traditional DCS systems, Digital Twin solutions, blockchain offerings, Big data analytics and advanced algorithms (e.g. failure prediction and preventative maintenance automated scheduling), Augmented reality/ wearables, improved ERP and CRM offerings. SD-WAN technologies for managing the complexity and rapid changing characteristics of IoT/IIoT networking requirements.

今朝可用于工业4.0各项技巧,包括但不限于移动设备、先辈人机交互界面、3D打印、机械人、智能传感器、智能PLM技巧、传统DCS系统、数字孪生、区块链、大年夜数据阐发、各类先辈算法(如劫难预警,预防掩护自动排班系统)、可穿着虚拟增强(AR)、更完善的ERP/CRM等技巧。而SD-WAN或进化版技巧,可管控IoT/IIoT繁杂互联互通与之间各要素快速切换时所必要的高机能收集需求。(小编按:如A平台设备必要B平台数据支持,同时必要C平台决策链,必要调遣多个平台的数据阐发、ERP/CRM、设备、流程治理、人机互动、移动设备等多种要素,如斯互联互通的繁杂性与实时性,对收集通连的要求很高)

At the business level Industry 4.0 concepts will deliver business value by driving digitalisation and integration of value chains, driving production costs down, facilitating digitization of product and service offerings and finally developing digital business models that improve customer value. The bottom-line result will be connected customers, empowered employees, efficient production, improved products with improved operability and bottom-line profit.

工业4.0,经由过程数字化与代价链整合,可以以多种形式带来商业代价:临盆资源下降,系统举措措施数字化带来的产品与办事个性化定制,终极形成数字经济,提升用户代价。最关键的是,这条代价链连接客户、更大年夜自立权的企业人员、高效临盆、更完善的产品,并提升企业可操作性与净利润

This report explains how Industry 4.0 related capabilities can be applied to specific energy industry use cases.

这篇申报,主要阐述工业4.0相关能力若何利用在详细的能源场景。

Use case: Industry 4.0 realisation facilitated by InfoQuickTechnologies –Traditional upstream oil and gas

实例:工业4.0利用在传统煤油能源行业

Business Drivers

Figure1Oil and gas business drivers

煤油能源行业的营业驱动力

举世至少50%的在临盆油田已颠最后其生命周期的中点,而这类油田临盆效率慢慢低落,相关的进级蒙受较大年夜寻衅,所需投入本钱数额伟大年夜。若何以可复制可反回覆再起则再开拓在产油田,更经济高效地开起事度更高的新油田是煤油行业普遍面临的寻衅。是以低落资源,前进决策效率,快速进行,自动化,低落风险,是能源行业主要关注点。

资源低落寄托前进质量、交付范围、以及避免重复事情;优化范围与需求;提升油田自动化运营;提升快速实施能力;前进油田信息传送,以确保更好的决策;支持项目终极退役;支持投资让渡或吞并等商业行径;匆匆进相助方与供应商之间的整合

Business model

Upstream Oil and gas industry activities are defined by the following high-level processes (Oil and gas life cycle):

•Exploration – acquire a production permit and prove the hydrocarbon bearing of the prospect.

•Appraisal – evaluate the economic suitability of the field.

•Development planning – develop an integrated plan that will deliver business value in comparison to other options.

•Execution - develop the field and design and build the capital infrastructure including wells.

•Production – produce the hydrocarbons efficiently over the life of the field. Where the value is delivered.

•Abandonment, decommissioning and restoration – close off the permit.

营业模式

以下概括性的流程(煤油天然气生命周期),定义了煤油天然气领域的各类商业活动

·勘探– 必要临盆许可,并确保足够多的原油(原气)含量以支撑商业运作

·评估– 评估某油田(气田)的经济代价

·拟订计划– 拟订一个相对最优的整体计划,实现商业代价

·履行– 扶植开采井以及其他固定举措措施,开采油田(气田)

·临盆–在油田/气田生命周期内,高效临盆原油/原气,这是代价之源

·油田/气田的弃捐、情况规复 – 关闭许可

Adoption of Industry 4.0 elements underpinned by InfoQuickTechnologies.

工业4.0利用点

The following outline shows key industry 4.0 Digitalisation themes in upstream Oil and Gas and how InfoQuick Global Connect are positioned to help the oil industry deliver them.

下图展现了工业4.0技巧在煤油天然气钻探领域的利用点

Upstream Industry 4.0 themes and InfoQuick support

As shown by the above slide Oil and Gas companies are actively investing in digitalisation and Industry 4.0 strategies to meet their business objectives. InfoQuick are well positioned to support these strategies. It is worth examining some of these key strategies in more depth:

·IIoT and the Mesa working group. This industry working party has produced a process industry guidebook ‘Adopting Integrated Manufacturing Operations Management (iMOM)in oil and gas and petrochemicals framework’. The document provides complete guidance on industry best practice relating to digital transformation and Industry 4.0 practices specific to the Oil and Gas industry.

·Big Data analytics in combination with IIoT and sensors (PLMs). Increased data capture and analysis designed to detect performance issues and potential well or facilities issues before they impact production. InfoQuick’s offerings can provide Wide Area Networking support for these solutions in a nimble, secure, flexible and global way.

·Automation in production. The opportunity to automate thousands of wells spread across regions (a large company handles more than 50,000 wells). InfoQuick SD-Wan and cloud capabilities support these solutions through cheap provision of connectivity to a high level of quality in a manageable way.

·Supply chain integration and automation of related processes including improved data sharing through management of a ‘Digital Twin’. InfoQuick SD-Wan and cloud capabilities support these solutions and allow for new entrants into the supply chain in a quick and cost effective across the globe.

·Improved exploration and reservoir monitoring. Advancements in seismic data acquisition (4D, micro-seismic) and computing power have already improved E&P companies’ understanding of reservoirs and ability to monitor constantly. InfoQuick SD-Wan and cloud capabilities support these solutions.

·‘Digital twin’. A virtual copy of the evolving plant or oil facility through design, construction and as built in operation. A variety of vendor tool sets available often cloud based to manage this requirement. Actively used, the ‘Digital twin’ underpins 4D/5D/5D planning and automatic sequencing of construction activities. InfoQuick retain knowledge of the processes and systems used to manage the ‘digital twin’.

·Convergence of traditional Scada /DCS systems with Industry 4.0 technologies. The traditional suppliers to the oil industry such as Honeywell are converging with commodity IIoT / IoT technologies. InfoQuick have arrangements with process control providers to assist clients.

以上展现了工业4.0技巧若何助力该领域的企业在每个阶段达到其商业目标,赞助企业杀青以下关键性计谋代价。而凌锐蓝信确保每个阶段,多场景下的安然、高可用、敏捷机动、高机能、可散播式支配的低资源收集连接。

•工业物联网与Mesa事情组。这个组织曾经编写过一本行业指示书“在煤油石化天然气领域,采纳整合型制造运营治理架构”。这本书完备地阐述了工业4.0与数字化在行业内的最好实践

•大年夜数据与工业物联网传感器的共同。前进数据捕获,且经由过程阐发模式探测最遣散果是否有问题,或在临盆受影响之前,找到有潜在问题的油井。这些系统间的互操作与互动性,离不开安然且高机能的广域网连接。而凌锐蓝信使用第三代SD-WAN技巧确保这些互动之间的收集安然与机能

•自动化临盆。这项技巧可以让企业同时临盆上千个油井装配,以便快速支配(大年夜公司常常可以处置惩罚跨越5万口井)而凌锐蓝信可以赞助企业得到临盆历程必要的低资源,高可用的收集连接

•供应链与自动化进程的整合,包括数字孪生带来的更高效的数据分享进程。凌锐蓝信DT-WAN技巧与相关云连通与迁移能力,可以轻松支持这类场景,并让新介入公司安然快速地融入进程

•提升勘探与油储监控。高机能谋略能力已经让行业内企业提前获取地震数据(4D,微地震)并由此懂得储油量。iCONNECT 可以赞助企业轻松应用云谋略而低落谋略资源

•数字孪生。一种涵盖工厂及举措措施全生命周期的虚拟数字拷贝,用来设计建造,模拟真实运营。很多供应商的相关对象都在云平台上,SaaS模式。数字孪生可以支持4D/5D/6D 计划拟订以及自动将建造行径排序。凌锐蓝信有能力支持企业经由过程高机能收集运用这种对象

•将传统Scada/DCS系统整合进工业4.0体系。传统供应商如霍尼韦尔,正在进行IIoT/IoT相关整合筹划,凌锐蓝信早已筹备好,助力相关企业客户

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